We know that there are many frameworks available on the market to help with the development of different applications. Python-Django is popular these days. Laravel, which is a PHP-based framework, has been known for a long time. All this really helps to reduce development time, ideally. Just like that, Moodle is an open-source software package to help the educational community. Moodle is a totally free and open-source learning management system based on PHP and distributed under the GNU General Public License. Moodle is used for online learning portals in schools, universities, and other areas.

How can we install it?

We can set up Moodle on the Ubuntu server. Here are the basic requirements:.

OS: Linux
Disk space: Min. 5 GB
Processor: Min. 1 Core
Memory: Min. 500MB

Step 1 

Update the Ubuntu system packages. 

sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade

Step 2

Install PHP on the server.

apt install php

Ensure it is installed.

php -v

Also, install the necessary packages.

sudo apt install graphviz aspell ghostscript clamav php8.1-pspell php8.1-curl php8.1-gd php8.1-intl php8.1-mysql php8.1-xml php8.1-xmlrpc php8.1-ldap php8.1-zip php8.1-soap php8.1-mbstring git

Step 3

Install apache2

apt install apache2

Step 4

Download Moodle from the source repository. Ensure git is installed. 

git clone git://

Step 5

Copy all content from Moodle to Docroot on the server.

cp -R /opt/moodle /var/www/html/

Correct permission 

chmod -R 0777 /var/www/html/moodle

Step 6

Install the MySQL server and start it.

apt install mysql-server
systemctl start mysql

Step 7

Configure MySQL for Moodle.

CREATE DATABASE moodle DEFAULT CHARACTER SET utf8mb4 COLLATE utf8mb4_unicode_ci;

CREATE USER 'moodle-user'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'password';


Step 8

Time to install a moodle on the browser by calling server IP/moodle. Just click on continue. 

It will be asking for paths, database configuration, etc. Give the necessary and complete installation.


The installation is pretty straight-forward and will be easy.

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